Early aircraft utilized a single braking system with no backup or failsafe. The system was simplistic in design and eventually deemed unsafe, causing the regulating authorities to incorporate robust overhauls. Airlines had to address the issue of potential loss of the primary hydraulic pump, which led to the implementation of electrically driven pumps that provided an alternate supply of hydraulic pressure. However, these solutions didn’t address the loss of fluid issue. Some manufacturers began incorporating a compressed air system for emergency braking, yet, there was only a limited amount of air the tanks could hold. This led to the concept of multiple, independent hydraulic systems backed up by accumulators. This system proved to be effective as it allows for several layers of failure without losing total control of the braking system; a concept that is still used today.